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'''Herman Melville''' (August 1, 1819 – September 28, 1891) was an American novelist, short story writer, and poet from the American Renaissance (literature)|American Renaissance period. Most of his writings were published between 1846 and 1857. Best known for his sea adventure ''Typee'' (1846) and his whaling novel ''Moby-Dick'' (1851), he was almost forgotten during the last thirty years of his life. Melville's writing draws on his experience at sea as a common sailor, exploration of literature and philosophy, and engagement in the contradictions of American society in a period of rapid change. The main characteristic of his style is probably pervasive allusion, reflecting his written sources. Melville's way of adapting what he read for his own new purposes, scholar Stanley Thomas Williams|Stanley T. Williams wrote, "was a transforming power comparable to Shakespeare's".Williams (1956), 231 Born in New York City as the...
Birth date{{birth date|1819|8|1|mf=y}}
Birth placeNew York City, New York, United States|U.S.
Death date{{death date and age|1891|9|28|1819|8|1|mf=y}}
Death placeNew York City, New York, U.S.
Spouse{{marriage|Elizabeth Knapp Shaw (b.1822- d.1906)|1847|1891}}(his death)
ChildrenMalcolm (1849–1867)
Stanwix (1851–1886)
Elizabeth (1853–1908)
Frances (1855–1938)
OccupationNovelist, short story writer, teacher, sailor, lecturer, poet, customs inspector
GenreTravel literature|Travelogue, Captivity narrative, Sea story, Gothic Romanticism, Allegory, Tall tale
InfluencesNathaniel Hawthorne
William Shakespeare{{Citation needed|date=July 2013}}
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